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The Rise of Communism: From Marx to Lenin

Season 1
Go inside communism’s journey from a collection of political and economic theories to a revolutionary movement that rocked the world. Rich with historical insights, these 12 episodes zero in on the Bolsheviks rise to power and how communist ideas worked in theory and practice - offering a rewarding look at one of the most important economic and political philosophies of the modern age.
201912 episodes
TV-PG
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Episodes

  1. S1 E1 - The Locomotive of History
    November 7, 2019
    24min
    TV-PG
    Come to see Lenin’s arrival at Petrograd’s Finland Station in April 1917 as one of the most important turning points in modern history: the establishment of a communist regime after decades of theory. Also, preview the themes you’ll explore in these episodes, and get solid definitions of terms such as communism and socialism. #History
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  2. S1 E2 - Marx and Engels: An Intellectual Partnership
    November 7, 2019
    30min
    TV-PG
    The revolutionary ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels would rock society and soon affect the lives of millions of people. Here, explore their body of theory (known as “dialectical materialism”) and learn how Marxism offered something different: a tableau of history with starring roles played by the toiling masses and economic forces.
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  3. S1 E3 - The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital
    November 7, 2019
    27min
    TV-PG
    First, unpack the meaning of the revolutionary messages in "The Communist Manifesto" and "Das Kapital." Then, use a basic vocabulary of Marxist concepts to better understand Marx’s model of history and economics. Last, examine how the revolutionary lives of Marx and Engels sought to unify theory with practice.
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  4. S1 E4 - The 1871 Paris Commune as a Model of Revolt
    November 7, 2019
    25min
    TV-PG
    Investigate the violent upheaval of the Paris Commune in 1871: a political experiment that lasted a mere 10 weeks. The Paris Commune would make Marx one of the most feared and hated men in the world; although it failed, Marx considered it a living example of the “dictatorship of the proletariat.”
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  5. S1 E5 - Marxism after Marx
    November 7, 2019
    30min
    TV-PG
    In the decades following the death of Marx in 1883, the socialist movement grew, but it also became highly factional over arguments about theory and organizational tactics. In this episode, learn about the rise of political parties in Germany and America, the establishment of the Second International, and the struggle over “revisionism."
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  6. S1 E6 - Revolutionary Russias
    November 7, 2019
    27min
    TV-PG
    Why did a Marxist regime come to power in Russia of all places, especially when Marx considered it an unpromising place for a proletarian revolution? Professor Liulevicius tackles this question and also probes Russia’s revolutionary tradition and the ideas of Georgi Plekhanov, the figure who did the most to bring Marx’s teachings to Russia.
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  7. S1 E7 - The Making of Lenin
    November 7, 2019
    25min
    TV-PG
    Take a detailed look at the life of Lenin, whose ideas and actions propelled him to become the first man to bring communist theory into power in 1917. Here, focus on Lenin’s hardness in the face of the 1891-1892 famine, his manifesto "What Is to Be Done?", and the Bolshevik and Menshevik factions.
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  8. S1 E8 - World War I as a Revolutionary Opportunity
    November 7, 2019
    26min
    TV-PG
    With the outbreak of the First World War, Lenin (who called war an “accelerator of history”) had the world crisis he could turn to his advantage. Topics here include Marxist debates over the philosophies of defensism and defeatism, the arrival of Leon Trotsky and his theory of “permanent revolution,” and the widening rift between socialists and communists.
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  9. S1 E9 - Red October: How the Bolsheviks Seized Power
    November 7, 2019
    29min
    TV-PG
    The Bolsheviks seized power in October 1917, a moment that would be celebrated afterward as Red October, or the Great October Socialist Revolution. Here, examine the formula for success behind the Bolshevik takeover, the mythologizing of Red October in film and music, and the dawn of a new secret police force: the Cheka.
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  10. S1 E10 - Rosa Luxemburg: A Revolutionary Martyr
    November 7, 2019
    29min
    TV-PG
    Spend time with one of the most famous women radicals in history: the Polish-German socialist Rosa Luxemburg. Follow her revolutionary activities throughout Switzerland, Poland, and Germany; her support of spontaneous revolt over centralized conspiracy; her struggles with the ambiguities of revolutionary devotion; and her ultimate martyrdom.
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  11. S1 E11 - The Red Bridge to World Revolution
    November 7, 2019
    30min
    TV-PG
    How does a revolutionary regime build a bridge to world revolution? After a look at the Third International, or “Comintern,” created in 1919 to spread the message of global revolution, explore failed attempts at sovietizing Hungary and Bavaria and the Soviet-Polish War of 1920, which dashed remaining hopes for linking up with Germany.
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  12. S1 E12 - Toward a New Communist Civilization
    November 7, 2019
    33min
    TV-PG
    Follow the trajectory of Bolshevik social experiments to inaugurate a new civilization up through the death of Lenin in 1924. You’ll learn about Lenin’s “monumental propaganda” plan, which changed the appearance of Russia; the nationalist program of “putting down roots”; party recruitment drives and purges; and even the mummification of Lenin’s body.
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Extras

Bonus

The Rise of Communism: From Marx to Lenin
The Rise of Communism: From Marx to Lenin
2minTV-PG
Go inside communism’s journey from a collection of political and economic theories to a revolutionary movement that rocked the world. Rich with historical insights, these 12 episodes zero in on the Bolsheviks rise to power and how communist ideas worked in theory and practice - offering a rewarding look at one of the most important economic and political philosophies of the modern age.
Go inside communism’s journey from a collection of political and economic theories to a revolutionary movement that rocked the world. Rich with historical insights, these 12 episodes zero in on the Bolsheviks rise to power and how communist ideas worked in theory and practice - offering a rewarding look at one of the most important economic and political philosophies of the modern age.
Go inside communism’s journey from a collection of political and economic theories to a revolutionary movement that rocked the world. Rich with historical insights, these 12 episodes zero in on the Bolsheviks rise to power and how communist ideas worked in theory and practice - offering a rewarding look at one of the most important economic and political philosophies of the modern age.

Details

More info

Audio languages
EnglishEnglish Dialogue Boost: MediumEnglish Dialogue Boost: High
Subtitles
English [CC]
Producers
The Great Courses
Starring
Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius
Studio
The Great Courses
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